Ajira kwa Wanawake Wakimbizi

Ajira nchini Marekani ni muhimu sana kwa maisha ya baadaye na ustawi wa familia yako, pamoja na maendeleo yako mwenyewe na utulivu wa kifedha kama mwanamke. Watu wote wazima, wanawake na wanaume, walio kati ya umri wa miaka 18 na 64 na wanaoweza kufanya kazi, wanapaswa kuupa kipaumbele utafutaji kazi. Jifunze Zaidi hapo chini.
Chagua muundo wa jinsi ambavyo ungependa kupata kwenye ukurasa huu. Unaweza kutazama video, kupakua hati ya maelezo au kusikiliza podikasti. Kila chaguo linatoa maelezo sawa.  

Manufaa ya Kufanya Kazi

Nchini Marekani, idadi ya wanawake ni nusu ya wafanyakazi, hufanya kazi sawa na wanaume katika viwango vyote, na mara nyingi huwasimamia wafanyakazi wa kiume. Kupata na kudumisha kazi kuna faida nyingi kwako wewe na familia yako.
Kuisadia familia kumudu mahitaji – Wakati wanandoa wote wawili wanafanya kazi, mapato ya familia huongezeka, hivyo kuwa rahisi kumudu gharama kama vile matumizi ya kila mwezi na kulipia kodi ya nyumba, na pia chakula na nguo. Mapato mara mbili pia inakuwezesha kuokoa pesa na kuongeza usalama wa kifedha wa familia. Kupokea manufaa ya ajira – Baadhi ya kazi hujumuisha marupururpu maalum kama vile bima ya afya ambapo mwajiri humpa mfanyakazi mipango ya bima na mara nyingi hulipa sehemu ya gharama ya kila mwezi. Malipo yote ya bima hukatwa kwenye malipo ya mfanyakazi. Wamarekani wengi hutegemea mipango ya bima ya afya ya ajira kwa sababu  gharama ya huduma za afya ni kubwa na bima ya afya husaidia kupunguza gharama hizo. Kupokea bima ya afya kupitia mahali pa kazi yako ni manufaa makubwa. uboresha Kiingereza chako – Kufanya kazi nje ya nyumbani kutakuwezesha kufanya mazoezi na kuboresha Kiingereza chako unaposhirikiana na wafanyakazi na wateja katika mazingira ya kitaaluma. Kujifunza Kiingereza itakuwezesha kushiriki katika jumuiya yako na kuongeza uwezo wako wa kusimamia mambo yako ikiwa unakwenda kwenye duka la vyakula, ofisi ya daktari, au benki. Kushirikiana na wengine – Mahali pa ajira pia panakupa fursa ya kushirikiana na watu mbalimbali na kujifunza kuhusu utamaduni na maadili ya Marekani, ambayo yatakuwezesha kuzoea mazingira yako mapya.  Kupata ujuzi wa kitaalamu – Kazi yako ya kwanza itakupa ujuzi na ustadi wa kitaalamu ambao utakuandaa kwa kazi zako za baadaye. Jinsi unavyopata ujuzi zaidi ndivyo unavyopata nafasi kubwa zaidi ya  kupandishwa cheo kazini au kupata kazi bora zaidi. Kutumia usafiri wa umma au kujifunza kuendesha gari – Kusafiri kwenda  na kutoka kazini kunaweza kukuhitaji utumie usafiri wa umma au ujifunze kuendesha gari. Kujua jinsi ya kutumia usafiri wa umma au kuendesha gari kutachangia sana katika uhuru wako na kujitegemea, kukusaidia kujua mji wako na mahali unapoishi, na kukupa hisia ya kujumuika katika jamii yako mpya.
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Taghreed Ibrahim is a pastry chef in Washington from Iraq who was resettled in America with her husband and two children in September 2013. Taghreed’s children are 9 and 14. She secured her first job as a part-time cashier at Safeway within 4-5 months after arriving. The IRC helped her enroll in a part-time culinary training program in partnership with a local nonprofit, Project Feast. After completing the training, she enrolled in a culinary program at South Seattle College and graduated last year. She now works at Bakery Nouveau, a cute little local shop in Burien. The family left Iraq for Dubai, but soon after applied for resettlement in the U.S. since they were on a temporary visa and would be sent to Iraq where Taghreed's husband faced death threats. Taghreed was depressed and was unable to sleep so she stayed up all night baking to help cope.

Kina Mama wafanyakazi na Kina Mama ambao hawajaolewa

Wanawake wengi ambao hulea watoto wadogo mara nyingi huwa na ugumu kugusa mahitaji ya kazi na nyumbani, hasa ikiwa ni mama wa pekee. Hata hivyo, kuna ufumbuzi wa kusaidia mama wanaofanya kazi nje ya nyumba. Suluhisho moja ni kuwapeleka watoto katika vituo vya utunzaji wa mchana. Huduma za utunzaji wa mchana hulipishwa. Early Head Start ni mpango uliofadhiliwa na serikali kuu inayowahudumia watoto wa familia za mapato ya chini kutoka kuzaliwa hadi umri wa miaka 3. Mpango mwingine, Head Start huzihudumia familia zilizo na watoto wa umri wa miaka 3 hadi 4. Kuandikisha watoto wadogo katika mojawapo ya mipango hii kutamwezesha mama ambaye hajaolewa, au wazazi wote wawili, kufanya kazi nje ya nyumbani. Suluhisho jingine ni kutumia marafiki, majirani au watu wazima wa familia kama vile babu na bibi kama walezi wa watoto kuwasaidia wazazi wanaofanya kazi. Kwa wanandoa, suluhisho la tatu ni kwa mmoja wa wazazi kutafuta kazi ya nusu siku ya saa za jioni na mwishoni mwa wiki, ambayo itamwezesha mzazi mmoja kuwalea watoto huku mzazi mwingine akiwa kazini.
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Hali za Familia Zinazobadilika

Wamarekani wanathamini uhuru katika wanaume na wanawake. Katika familia nyingi, mume na mke wote hufanya kazi, na katika familia nyingine, mke hupata malipo zaidi kuliko mume. Katika familia zingine, mke amepata kazi na mume hana. Katika hali hii, mume atatarajiwa kuwatunza watoto wakati hawako shuleni. Katika hali kama hizo, wanaume wengine wanaweza kuhisi kwamba wamepoteza nafasi yao ya uongozi katika familia. Wanawake wengine wanaweza kuhisi dhiki wanapopata majukumu mapya na kuwa mfanyakazi mkuu wa familia. Kusaidiana, pamoja na mawasiliano ya wazi na ya uaminifu, inaweza kuongeza uelewano kupunguza matatizo kati ya wanandoa.
Atlanta, Georgia/Kenya Refugee/Naima Abdullahi, 36, watches her son Teso, 14, play guitar at their home in Atlanta, Georgia. Naima's uncle was murdered in Ethiopia for his involvement in the Oromo movement, her parents fled to Kenya as political refugees. Growing up in Kenya, Naima and her three siblings could not tell anyone they were refugees. It became a family secret, and they always had a fear of being caught. When Naima was 10 years old her family was resettled in San Jose, California, with the help of the IRC.Since Naima was initially the only one who spoke English, she became the family spokesperson and took on a lot of responsibilities at a young age. Eventually her family moved to Seattle and they all became U.S. citizens in 1996. Today, Naima has worked as a caseworker at the IRC in Atlanta for five years. ÒI enjoy working with my clients,
Taghreed and her two sons Ali (grey shirt) and Yousif (dark blue shirt) sit in their living room in Seattle.

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Ji funze unavyo endeleya

Appli ya Settle In ni rafiki wa njia mwenye ata ku saidiya sana ndani ya safari yako ya kuhamiya inchini Marekani. Ji funze kuhusu maisha inchini Marekani na ujenge juhudi zako kupitiya mitiyani na somo za kufurahisha.

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Pamoja na somo na mavideo za ku cheza na kujibu, kuna kuwaka kila wakati kitu kipya kya ku gundua. Settle In ina fanya mafunzo kuhusu kuhamiya Marekani ikuwe ya kufurahisha mno. Ji funze kwa umbiyo wako pekee – tuko hapa kwa ku ku ongoza.
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Learn on the go
Maudhui kwenye tovuti hii yametengenezwa na Soko la Nyenzo za Mwelekeo wa Utamaduni (CORE), yako katika kikoa cha umma, na huenda ikatolewa tena. Yaliyomo kwenye tovuti hii yalitayarishwa chini ya makubaliano yaliyofadhiliwa na Ofisi ya Idadi ya Watu, Wakimbizi na Uhamiaji, Idara ya Jimbo la Marekani, lakini si lazima kuwakilisha sera ya wakala huyo na haipaswi kuidhinishwa na Serikali ya Shirikisho.