COVID-19: Gusobanukirwa amabwiriza n'amategeko

COVID-19 ni indwara y’ubuhumekero iterwa na virusi iri gukwirakwira vuba cyane ku isi. Virusi ikwirakwira iyo umuntu wanduye akoroye cyangwa yitsamuye ari hafi y’umuntu utanduye. Virusi kandi ikwirakwira iyo umuntu akoze ahantu hari virusi maze akikora ku muntu, ku mazuru, no ku maso. Virusi ishobora kwandura hagati y’abantu begeranye (munsi ya metero 2).
Hitamo imiterere yo kwigiramo amakuru kuri iyi paji. Ushobora kureba videwo, gukurura urupapuro rukubiyemo amakuru cyangwa kumva ikiganiro kiri mu majwi. Buri mahitamo atanga amakuru amwe

COVID-19 ni iki?

Virusi ikwirakwira iyo umuntu wanduye akoroye cyangwa yitsamuye ari hafi y’umuntu utanduye. Virusi kandi ikwirakwira iyo umuntu akoze ahantu hari virusi maze akikora ku muntu, ku mazuru, no ku maso. Virusi ishobora kwandura hagati y’abantu begeranye (munsi ya metero 2).    Ibimenyetso birimo kugira umuriro, inkorora, no guhumeka nabi. Virusi ishobora gutera uburwayi bw’ubuhumekero bworoshye kugeza ku bukomeye.  Mu gihe cy’icyorezo cya COVID-19, ushobora kumva abakozi ba leta n’abakora mu nzego z’ubuzima bifashisha amabwiriza cyangwa amategeko agamije gutuma ugira umutekano.  Bitewe n’imiterere y’ikibazo, ushobora gusabwa kuguma mu rugo kugira ngo urinde abandi cyangwa nawe wirinde ubwawe. Izi ngamba zifasha kugabanya umuvuduko cyangwa guhagarika ikwirakwira rya virusi mu gace utuyemo. Iyo abaturage bagabanyije umuvuduko w’ikwirakwira rya virusi, ibitaro birushaho kwita ku barwayi neza. Igihe ugiye hanze, abakora akazi ka ngombwa nk’abazimya inkongi y’umuriro n’abapolisi bashobora kukwegera, ariko baba bagerageza kugufasha.
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Dore amwe mu mategeko n’amabwiriza abakozi ba leta n’abakora mu nzego z’ubuzima bashobora kugusaba gukurikiza:  Umuhezo: Iyo ufite ibimenyetso bya COVID-19, muganga ashobora kugusaba kwiheza. Bivuze ko uguma mu rugo mu gihe runaka. Uko bishoboka kose, ugomba kuguma mu “cyumba urwariyemo” kitaruye abandi bantu mubana. Birinda ko abandi bantu bandura iyo ndwara.  Akato: Iyo utekereza ko wigeze guhura n’umuntu urwaye COVID-19, ushobora gusabwa kujya mu kato. Bivuze ko ugomba kuguma mu rugo iminsi igera kuri 14 maze ukabwira muganga niba wumva ufite umuriro, inkorora, cyangwa ibibazo byo guhumeka. Akato gafasha kwirinda bishoboka ikwirakwira ry’indwara mbere yo kumva ufite ibimenyetso.   Gushyira intera hagati y’abantu: Mu rwego rwo kugabanya ikwirakwira rya virusi, abakozi ba leta bashobora gusaba abaturage gushyira intera hagati yabo. Bivuze ko ushyiraho intera ya metero ebyiri, hafi intambwe ebyiri, witaruye abandi no kwirinda rwose kujya mu kivunge cy’abantu. Kwirinda kugira abashyitsi batari ngombwa mu rugo rwawe. Bigufasha kwirinda kurwara cyangwa kwanduza abandi indwara. Kuguma aho uri: Imijyi na leta bishobora gutangaza itegeko ryo “kuguma aho muri” cyangwa “kuguma mu rugo” ku baturage bose. Ayo mategeko agenda atandukana bitewe n’ahantu, ariko ubusanzwe bisaba ko abaturage baguma mu rugo uko bishoboka no kuhava basohotse biri ngombwa, nko kugura ibiribwa, kubonana na muganga, cyangwa gushaka imiti. Ayo mategeko si ayo gufunga serivisi n’ibikorwa bitari ngombwa kandi akomeza kwemerera abaturage gukora imirimo isabwa mu rwego rw’ubuzima n’umutekano. Mu gihe cyo gufunga serivisi n’ibikorwa bitari ngombwa, usabwa kuguma mu rugo igihe cyose. Ku yandi makuru yerekeye COVID-19, sura COREnav.org.
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Ibikubiye kuri uru rubuga rwa inerineti byashyizwemo bivuye mu Bitekerezo Abantu mu Ibiganiro bijyanye n’umuco mu birebana n’umuco (CORE), ni amakuru agenewe rubanda, kandi ashobora gukopororwa. Ibikubiye kuri uru rubuga rwa interineti byashyizweho hakurikijwe amasezerano yatewe inkunga y’amafaranga n’Ibiro by’Abaturage, Impunzi, n’iby’Abimukira, Minisiteri y’Ububanyi n’Amahanga ya Leta Zunze Ubumwe, ariko ntibisobanura ko urwo rwego ruhagarariye politiki y’urwo rwego kandi urwo rwego ntiruri mu mwanya wa Leta.